• Science in Art Tour 1

    SCIENCE IN ART
    TOUR

Fountainhead

Find this object in the Introductory Gallery on Floor 2

The Astrolabe is a scientific instrument that was used throughout the Islamic world for many centuries. One of its principal uses in Islam was to determine prayer time and direction of prayer towards Mecca. The principles of an astrolabe’s function were first developed in ancient Greece. Astrolabes were then developed and widely used in the Islamic world, before being re-introduced to Europe, by the 12th century, through Islamic Spain. This particular astrolabe bears the signature of one of the leading astronomers and mathematicians of the Islamic world, Hamid ibn al-Khidr al-Khujandi.

SI.5.1999, Baghdad, Iraq, 984 – 985 CE

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